During the 1870s, Yavapai and Dilzhe’e Apache peoples were violently forced out of their homes in the Verde Valley, Bradshaw Mountains, Mogollon Rim Country, and around the confluence of the Verde and Salt Rivers. They were imprisoned, sometimes for decades, on military reservations, and only allowed to return to their homelands when the threat of “breakouts” had subsided. While many are familiar with at least some of this history, fewer are aware of the complicated history surrounding Yavapai and Apache service as U.S. Army Indian Scouts during this troubled time. While serving as Scouts, these men gained the crucial knowledge and experience to then help their people reestablish their homes in central Arizona. Reservation communities in the Verde Valley, Prescott, Payson, and Fort McDowell exist today largely thanks to the tireless work of Indian Scout veterans. This presentation will explore the history of Yavapai-Apache scouts, and the unique contributions they made to Arizona history.
Maurice Crandall is an Associate Professor of History at Arizona State University and an enrolled member of the Yavapai-Apache Nation. He previously taught at Dartmouth College in Hanover, NH. Professor Crandall is a multi-award-winning author and public intellectual who has presented his research throughout the United States, as well as in Canada and Europe. His first book, These People Have Always Been a Republic: Indigenous Electorates in the U.S.-Mexico Borderlands, 1598–1912, was published by the University of North Carolina Press in 2019. His second book, on Yavapai-Apache Scouts, is under contract with W.W. Norton & Company. He received his PhD in History from the University of New Mexico, and is a graduate of Mingus Union High School.