Emissions from federal coal combustion, usually invisible, show vividly at Bonanza Power Plant amidst a cold Uintah Basin inversion. Our public carbon estate — fossil fuels administered on the public’s behalf by the Department of the Interior – would rank fifth globally for annual climate pollution if it were a country. Production of federal oil, gas and coal causes a quarter of U.S. climate pollution. Interior agencies do not track the total climate pollution from administration of those fuels. Their programs have never faced legally-required climate review and remain untethered to U.S. climate goals.